LGBTQ Resources

  • Pinellas County Schools Inclusive Schools Support Guide 

    This important tool for students and staff will enhance ongoing efforts to make each Pinellas County public school a safer place for all students — with emphasis on the community of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning (LGBTQ+) students. It further intends to improve the way administrators go about implementing existing federal, state, local laws and policies concerning harassment and discrimination. All young people, including those who are LGBTQ+, have the right to feel safe and secure in the schools they attend. Students who feel accepted at school are more highly motivated, engaged in learning, and committed to achieving the best possible education.

    Safety and prevention efforts already established by the State of Florida and Pinellas County Schools have received praise in the broader educational community. Unfortunately, national statistics and Pinellas County data suggest that students who identify or are identified as LGBTQ+ continue to be harassed, threatened, assaulted, and truant out of fear.
    This guide provides a review of federal, state and local laws and policies and strategies for creating a safe environment. The PCS Prevention Department believes this guide has the power to save lives.

    LGBTQ Youth Stopbullying.gov 

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ) youth and those perceived as LGBTQ are at an increased risk of being bullied. Results from the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey show that, nationwide, more U.S. high school students who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) report having been bullied on school property (33%) and cyberbullied (27.1%) in the past year, than their heterosexual peers (17.1% and 13.3%, respectively). The study also showed that more LGB students (10%) than heterosexual students (6.1%) reported not going to school because of safety concerns. Among students who identified as “not sure” of their sexual orientation, they also reported being bullied on school property (24.3%), being cyberbullied (22%), and not going to school because of safety concerns (10.7%).

    Bullying puts youth at increased risk for depression, suicidal ideation, misuse of drugs and alcohol, risky sexual behavior, and can affect academics as well. For LGBTQ youth, that risk is even higher.

    Research has shown that being ‘out’ as an LGBTQ adult is associated with positive social adjustment. It has beneficial psychosocial and developmental effects for youth, too. However, being ‘out’ or just being perceived as being LGBTQ, can put some youth at increased risk for bullying.

    There are important and unique considerations for strategies to prevent and address bullying of LGBTQ youth. While some of the strategies are specifically for LGBTQ youth, most of them, if adopted by schools and communities, make the environments safer for all students.

     

    Creating a Safe Environment for LGBTQ Youth

    It is important to build a safe environment for all youth, whether or not they are LGBTQ. All youth can thrive when they feel supported. Parents, schools, and communities can all play a role in helping LGBTQ youth feel physically and emotionally safe:

    • Build strong connections with LGBTQ youth to demonstrate acceptance and keep the lines of communication open. Often, LGBTQ youth feel rejected. It is important for them to know that their families, friends, schools, and communities support them.
    • Accept LBGTQ youth as they are, regardless of how they identify, reveal, or conceal their sexual identity.
    • Protect all youth’s privacy. Be careful not to disclose or discuss sexual identity issues with parents or anyone else, without the young person’s prior permission, unless there is an immediate threat to their safety or wellbeing. 
    • Provide interpersonal support to students by providing a safe place to talk about their sexual identity and navigate decisions about disclosing or concealing it with others.
    • Establish a safe environment at school. Schools can send a message that no one should be treated differently because of who they are or are perceived to be. Add sexual orientation and gender identity protection to school anti-discrimination policies. 
    • Create Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs). GSAs help create safer schools. Schools must allow these groups if they have other “non-curricular” clubs or groups. Learn more about the right to form a GSA under the Equal Access Act
    • Conduct social-emotional learning activities in school to foster peer-relationships and help students develop empathy.

     

    Federal Civil Rights Laws and Sexual Orientation

    Federal civil rights laws do not cover harassment based on sexual orientation. Often, bullying towards LGBTQ youth targets their non-conformity to gender norms. This may be sexual harassment covered under Title IX. Read more about federal civil rights laws

    Many states protect against bullying because of sexual orientation in their state laws.

    Additional Resources