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Risk Factors for School Violence

Individual Factors
  • Risk taking
  • Aggressiveness
  • Early involvement in violent behavior
  • Involvement in other antisocial behavior, beliefs and attitudes favorable to deviant or antisocial behavior

  • Family Factors
  • Parental criminality
  • Child maltreatment
  • Poor family management practices
  • Low parental involvement
  • Peer family bonding
  • Family conflict
  • Parental attitudes favorable to substance abuse and violence

  • School Factors
  • Academic failure
  • Low bonding to school
  • Truancy
  • Withdrawal from school
  • Frequent school transitions

  • Peer Related Factors
  • Delinquent siblings or peers
  • Gang involvement

  • Community Factors
  • Poverty
  • Community disorganization
  • Availability of drugs and/or firearms
  • Neighborhood adults involved in crime
  • Exposure to violence and racial prejudice

  • Source: Gerler, E.R. (2004). Handbook of school violence. New York: The Haworth
    Reference Press.