Information Literacy Standards

  • Information Literacy Standards for Student Learning, copyright 1998, American Library Association and Association for Educational Communications and Technology. Reprinted with permission.

    Category I: Information Literacy

    The student who is information literate:

    Standard 1: Accesses information efficiently and effectively, as described by the following indicators:
    1. recognizes the need for information;
    2. recognizes that accurate and comprehensive information is the basis for intelligent decision making;
    3. formulates questions based on information needs;
    4. identifies a variety of potential sources of information;
    5. develops and uses successful strategies for locating information.
    Standard 2: Evaluates information critically and competently, as described by the following indicators:
    1. determines accuracy, relevance and comprehensiveness;
    2. distinguishes among facts, point of view and opinion;
    3. identifies inaccurate and misleading information;
    4. selects information appropriate to the problem or question at hand.
    Standard 3: Uses information effectively and creatively, as described by the following indicators:
    1. organizes information for practical application;
    2. integrates new information into one’s own knowledge;
    3. applies information in critical thinking and problem solving;
    4. produces and communicates information and ideas in appropriate formats.

    Category II: Independent Learning

    The student who is an independent learner is information literate and:

    Standard 4: Pursues information related to personal interests, as described by the following indicators:
    1. seeks information related to various dimensions of personal well-being, such as career interests, community involvement, health matters and recreational pursuits;
    2. designs, develops and evaluates information products and solutions related to personal interests.
    Standard 5: Appreciates and enjoys literature and other creative expressions of information, as described by the following indicators:
    1. is a competent and self-motivated reader;
    2. derives meaning from information presented creatively in a variety of formats;
    3. develops creative products in a variety of formats.
    Standard 6: Strives for excellence in information seeking and knowledge generation, as described by the following indicators:
    1. assesses the quality of the process and products of one’s owninformation seeking;
    2. devises strategies for revising, improving and updating self-generated knowledge.

    Category III: Social Responsibility

    The student who contributes positively to the learning community and to society is information literate and:

    Standard 7: Recognizes the importance of information to a democratic society, as described by the following indicators:
    1. seeks information from diverse sources, contexts, disciplines and culture;
    2. respects the principle of equitable access to information.
    Standard 8: Practices ethical behavior in regard to information and information technology, as described by the following indicators:
    1. respects the principles of intellectual freedom;
    2. respects intellectual property right;
    3. uses information technology responsibly.
    Standard 9: Participates effectively in groups to pursue and generate information as described by the following indicators:
    1. shares knowledge and information with others;
    2. respects others’ ideas and backgrounds and acknowledges their contributions;
    3. collaborates with others, both in person and through technologies, to identify information problems and to seek their solutions;
    4. collaborates with others, both in person and through technologies, to design, develop and evaluate information products and solutions.